Zeitleiste_neu Altsteinzeit Mittelsteinzeit Jungsteinzeit Bronzezeit Urnenfelder Kultur Hallstattzeit Latene Zeit Roemer und Germanen Mittelalter

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Mesolithic - Middle Stone Age

In recent decades, the border between the last ice age and the warm period in which we live today has been precisely defined. Scientific methods helped to pinpoint this to around 9600 BC. The hunters and gatherers adapted to the new environmental conditions. Their stone devices are so characteristic that they can easily be assigned to the period now called the Middle Stone Age. The color of the pebbles is usually colorful, which is to be regarded as a consequence of a roasting process (tempering) in fire to improve the material properties. The aim was the production of small stone inserts (microliths), which are interpreted as being knife blades or harpoon barbs.

The Beilngries valley junction was a special environment for people in the Middle Stone Age. This mainly concerns the extensive sand areas, which were created by the wind coming from the north during the last ice age.

Already more than 100 years ago, Theodor Thenn recovered stone artifacts of the Mesolithic era during his excavations. For a long time, however, these were not recognized as such. Even 50 years ago, Walter Torbrügge did not refer to them as stone artifacts of the Middle Stone Age. Today it is known, that stone tools of this era can be found in extensive density on all sand areas in and around Beilngries. Still no scientific inventory of the already existing material has taken place.


Tools of the Middle Stone Age, Beilngries, near the Altmühl bridge
Circle segment, upper side, probably as an insert functioning as barbs of a harpoon
Circle segment, underside
"Kerbrest", upper side. To make a tool insert, a blade was notched, then broken and further processed to the desired end product. The "Kerbrest" was discarded as waste.
"Kerbrest", underside
A fine blade was probably used as a knife insert.
Long blade with traces of use, discounted with Wallner lines
Core stone, banded jura hornstone with bark (cortex)
Core stone (different view / Levallois technique)