Zeitleiste_neu Altsteinzeit Mittelsteinzeit Jungsteinzeit Bronzezeit Urnenfelder Kultur Hallstattzeit Latene Zeit Roemer und Germanen Mittelalter

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Urn Field Culture


Urn Field Culture

1250 - 800 B.C.

The Urnfield Time received its name from a newly made burial custom, namely the building of so-called "urn fields". This term points out that urns made of clay were deposited in the cemeteries of the then society, in which the ashes of the cremated dead were handed over to earth. This custom was subject to gradual changes; regional differences of the type of burial can be proven, as well.

Larger grave fields of the Urn Field Time have yet to be discovered in the area of Beilngries. This may be due to research history and would not meet the settlement condition of that time.
A special feature of the Urn Field Time is the installation of voluminous, fortified castles on distinctive mountain spurs. An impressive example is the so-called “Schellenburg” (a ruin of a castle) on the “Schellenberg”, a hill between Enkering, Kinding and Ilbling (villages). Today, you can still visit two rampart-parts and a hillfort with bastions. Whether a fortification was found on the mountain spur of Hirschberg at this time, has yet to be proven by future research. Ceramic finds indicate a usage of the mountain spur. A lot was likely disturbed by the later development.

Aerial view of the Hirschberg mountain spur