Panoramic view of the Wolfsberghöhle near Aschbuch during winter
Zeitleiste_neu Altsteinzeit Mittelsteinzeit Jungsteinzeit Bronzezeit Urnenfelder Kultur Hallstattzeit Latene Zeit Roemer und Germanen Mittelalter

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Old Stone Age - Palaeolithic



about 150 000 - 11 500 B.C.

The Altmühltal is considered to be very rich in Palaeolithic sites throughout Bavaria, especially because of findings, which were discovered mainly in caves of the reef dolomite, a white Jurassic rock. The urban area of Beilngries is located just outside the area with reef dolomite, which is why so far there has been only one known finding of a cave. In the "Wolfsberg Cave" near Aschbuch, bones and stone tools from the younger phase of the last ice age were recovered in the 1860s.

Blade-shaped tees of brown Jurassic stone. The consistently fresh impression suggests that these knife blades were made at the very spot of their discovery.
Battered long bones from reindeer. The bone fragments are hardly changed by the storage in the calcareous deposits and seem to be fresh.
Excavation picture from the 60s. You can see an exposed lower jaw of the wild horse.

Middle Paleolithic, time of the Neanderthal man

The nearest place were a grave of this epoch was found is located in the Kinding meadows and was introduced into the literature as "Kemathen cave" or "Sandleitenhöhle". A lay excavator recovered about a dozen stone tools from the Neanderthal period in the 1980s, which were discovered in 1965. Important sites can be found in the Lower Altmühltal (Schulerloch, Schulerlochabri, Sesselfelsgrotte, Klausenhöhle and others) or in the Schambachtal at Kipfenberg / Arnsberg (Hohler Stein).

Finds in open terrain are still very rare. Among them is a so-called scraper, which was found in the Ottmaring valley.

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Younger Paleolithic

In this epoch, the anatomically modern man appeared for the first time (Aurignacia 35 000 - 30 000 B.C.). In Bavaria, there is still very little evidence - for example, from the Fischleitenhöhle at Mühlbach near Dietfurt or in the open field near Irnsing at the Danube. More numerous are the settlements of the Gravettia (about 25 000 B.C.) and the Magdalenian (about 15 000 B.C., Klausenhöhlen and Sesselfelsgrotte Essing).

A blade scraper of the late Paleolithic was found on open terrain on the upper slope near Badanhausen. The strongly white patinated tool is excellently preserved and probably served for bone, antler or woodworking. It should be around 13 000 years old.