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Hallstatt Culture

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Excavation "Im Grund”

In 1981 tombs from the Hallstatt period were discovered on the site of a future industrial enterprise of Beilngries (town). Following this, the Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments conducted excavations ahead of the construction of a factory building. The remains of 22 burial mounds could still be explored. Unfortunately, the archaeological situation had already suffered a lot: The excavation site had been ploughed intensely before the excavations and the activities of local research, which focused on excavating new finds at the turn of the century, overstrained the excavation site. The stone wreaths of most ancient tombs were more or less crumpled. Nevertheless, a careful excavation technique also delivered many pleasing findings here. But also in undisturbed places of discovery bronzes were extremely rare, while the number and effort of the excavated ceramics can definitively be compared to other tombs form the Hallstatt period. The few excavated bronzes were well preserved, but the condition of the salvaged human and animal bones was rather meager due to the particular soil condition. Noteworthy is the finding of the isolated skull of a toddler, which was surrounded by no fewer than six bronze parts. Two rattles made of clay next to an ash-urn indicate the grave of another child or - according to another theory - a shaman.


Bowl painted with graphite, industrial area “Im Grund”, 7th cent. B.C.
Plate with tiers, “Im Grund”, 7th cent. B.C.

Excavation plan overview

Excavation plan to grave 2, "Im Grund" (industrial area), LfD
Excavation plan of the burial ground "Im Grund" (industrial area), LfD
Excavation plan of the burial ground "Im Grund" (industrial area) intersected by modern drainage trenches, LfD

Excavation Schmidt-Seeger (today Bühler) in the industrial area

During the expansion of the “Schmidt-Seeger” company, in addition to some mines containing Neolithic objects, mines containing finds from the Hallstatt period were also documented. Probably these are not grave goods, but the remains of a settlement area. Particularly noteworthy is the finding of a Rhyton, a vessel for ritual use (link to the 3D view). The discovery of loom weights and spinning whorls (for spinning sheep's wool) indicates textile processing in this area.



Black-toned bowl from the Hallstatt period, industrial area “Im Grund”, excavation Schmidt-Seeger
Red-colored shell from the Hallstatt period industrial area “Im Grund”, excavation Schmidt-Seeger
Rhyton, animal-shaped clay pot for the solemn discharge of sacred liquids, industrial area “Im Grund”, excavation Schmidt-Seeger
Three spindle whorls from the Schmidt-Seeger excavation and the Ottmaringer valley
Loom weights, industrial area “Im Grund”, Schmidt-Seeger excavation
 

Excavation “Dr.Thenn”

Thanks to the excavations in the field “Im Grund West”, carried out by Dr. med. Th. Thenn at the turn of the century, a Hallstatt cemetery with 9 stone tombs was discovered. In the adjacent field "Im Grund Ost" at least 4 Bronze Age graves, as well as 28 graves of the Hallstatt period were opened by him. Neolithic finds between the tombs’ cultural layers came to light again and again.


White glas bead with light blue inlays, "Im Grund Ost", grave 19
Various neck rings, "Im Grund Ost", grave 19, photo:archaeological state collection Munich, S. Friedrich
Various stirrup bracelets, "Im Grund Ost", grave 19
Corne-neck vessel in a blackish-brown color with a deep groove decoration, "Im Grund Ost", grave 32